Most apologetics debates now center on the question of whether God exists. In light of history this is a relatively new idea. For much of human history the need for proof would be on the side of those trying to prove that God (or gods) did not exist. The major question would be what is the nature of this God (or) gods and what does He (they) demand of me. Such a change in questions is a result of the Enlightenment. Many Enlightenment thinkers worked very hard to deny the existence of a supernatural realm and as a consequence supernatural beings. Their success is evidenced by this unconscious assumption that God’s existence must be proved.
In his essay “God in the Dock” talks about this change. Modern people place God in the dock, or the defendants chair for you non-British readers. We demand to know why we should believe in him and what right he has to order our lives. People before the Enlightenment realized they were in the dock and God was in the judge’s seat. He was objective and they were subjective.
Will things ever go back to the way they were? Perhaps if people realize that science can solve many problem but not the ones that matter most. However, naturalism has deep roots. Even most Christians live like they are in a naturalistic world, blind to the supernatural one that is equally as real and ever present. That may prove to be the most difficult task, convincing ourselves of the fundamental reality of God’s existence.